Moldova has made a great leap toward more energy independence from external gas and coal suppliers. Between 2011 and 2016, the consumption of renewable energy produced in Moldova reached 13%, the biomass energy accounting for 12%.
The market of solid biomass fuels is still developing. A IDIS Viitorul and CIVIS survey suggests, however, that more than 77% of the Moldovan consumers are willing to buy and use solid biomass fuel.
The calorific value and the price of biofuel varies depending on the biomass source:
|Briquettes/pellets with less than 10% moisture content
||Gross calorific value (Mj/kg)
In 2011 the straw bales seemed to be the main type of biofuel that could be used in the public institutions. In the meantime, however, as the bioenergy production technologies were developing, the market shifted towards briquettes and pellets, which are used with automated boilers and provide more comfort for users. Therefore, 15% of the total number of heating systems funded by the Energy and Biomass Project use straw bales, while the other 85% use briquettes and pellets.
The pellets can be used in high efficiency automated boilers, which need to be refilled once in a couple of days. This technology is more convenient for users and the boilers are more efficient. This is why and also because the production costs of pellets are higher, pellets are more expensive than briquettes.
- The price varies depending on the type of the raw materials, the sawdust pellets being the most expensive.
- The price difference between briquettes and pellets is determined by the investment cost and the operational costs, which are higher for pellets.
- The pellets’ price is also higher because of the higher degree of automation compared to briquettes.
The good quality of biofuel and the use of the appropriate type of biofuel are the key prerequisites for the efficient operation of the biomass boilers.
List of Biofuel Producers
For additional information contact:
Oleg Brînza, business development officer
Tel: 022 83-99-82