The National Bureau of Statistics will collect and analyze energy data with the help of a new information system designed under the Energy and Biomass Project funded by the European Union and implemented by the United Nations Development Programme.
The new software, which is in line with the European standards, will enable collecting starting this year data about the country’s agricultural and woody biomass potential and the actual volume of production and consumption of biomass energy. These data will be collected from private companies, public institutions and households.
The detailed and updated biomass energy data will allow the Moldovan authorities to monitor the exploitation of renewable energy sources and the progress towards the national objectives in this sector and to plan new sector development projects, and the foreign investors and businesses to develop and start new energy projects.
In 2014 Moldova adhered to the European Union energy statistics standards. That year the first energy balance was developed in line with the minimum requirements of the Energy Community Moldova is a member of and published. The new system will also collect data that are missing in the energy balance, such as the amount of agricultural and wood waste and forestry waste used as energy resources, mainly in the rural sector.
„The National Bureau of Statistics used an outdated software application that was developed in the 90’s and did not allow making changes into the statistical questionnaires. The new software, by contrast, allows making changes and adding questions related to the biomass potential (production) and biomass consumption in the questionnaires for the reporting businesses”, claims Svetlana Bulgac, head of Industry, Energy and Construction Division of the National Bureau of Statistics.
Besides the questionnaire for businesses, a questionnaire has been developed in order to collect statistical data about the biomass potential and actual consumption of biomass energy from households. Both questionnaires are in line with the UN International Energy Product Classification. “The research on energy consumption by households will be a one-time exercise and will cover data for 2015, while for the next years the data will be estimated based on the results of other surveys”, Mrs. Bulgac says.
Due to the new software and the assistance provided to improve the data collection methods, this year’s energy balance will contain also data on agricultural biomass amounts and biofuel produced in Moldova collected from private companies, public institutions and households. By contrast, the previous energy balances included only the woody biomass data received from Moldsilva.
„The efforts of the sector institutions and authorities, translated into quantification and inclusion of biomass data in the official statistics, have increased the old indicator threefold and made the renewable energy account for 13.2% of the country’s energy mix in 2014. By 2020 the relevant institutions should mobilize and allocate resources to achieve the 17% target by promoting solid biofuel and by supporting producers of renewable energy”, Mihai Stratan, the director of the Energy Efficiency Agency, stressed.
From April 4 to 30 the interviewers of the National Bureau of Statistics will collect data from a representative sample of 3.500 households that will be asked to fill in the new questionnaire. To this end, this week the National Bureau of Statistics delivered training to 150 interviewers on collection of accurate data.
The Energy and Biomass Project is a three-year EUR 9.41 million project granted by the European Union and implemented by the United Nations Development Programme during 2015-2017.